Karel Appel

(Dutch, 1921–2006)


BIOGRAPHY

TIMELINE

1921 Born: in Amsterdam, The Netherlands
1940 - 1943 Studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
1948 Founds the Cobra Group
1950 Moved to Paris, France
1954 Received the UNESCO Prize at the Venice Biennale, Venice, Italy
1958 Became an internationally recognized artist
2006 Died: in Zürich, Switzerland


EXHIBITIONS

1953
Karel Appel, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium (solo)

1957
Paintings Karel Appel, Institute of Contemporary Art, London, UK (solo)

1960
Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY

1961
Karel Appel, West Coast Exhibiton, San Francisco Art Museum, San Francisco, CA (solo)

1962
Karel Appel: Sculptures, 1962, Galerie Rive Droite, Paris, France (solo)

1965
Appel, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo)

1966
Karel Appel. Paintings 1947-65, Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden (solo)

1968
Karel Appel, Reliefs 1966-68, Centre National d'Art Contemporain, Paris, France (solo)

1972
Appel's Appels, Musée d'Art Contemporain, Montreal, Quebec (solo)

1974
Karel Appel Retrospective, Museum of Art Fort Lauderdale, FL (solo)

1977
Karel Appel, Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico (solo)

1978
Karel Appel Retrospective, Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela (solo)

1982
The New Work of Karel Appel, Paintings 1979-1981, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam, the Netherlands (solo)

1984
Karel Appel, Oeuvres Recentes, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium (solo)

1986
Recent Paintings and Sculptures: Clouds, Windmills, Nudes and Other Mythologies, Museum of Art, Fort Lauderdale, FL (solo)

1987
Karel Appel. Dipinti, Sculpture e Collages, Castello di Rivoli, Turin, Italy (solo)

1989
Karel Appel, National Museum of Art, Osaka, Japan (solo)

1990
Karel Appel, Ik wou dat Ik een Vogel was (Karel Appel, If I Were a Bird), Haags Gemeente Museum, The Hague, The Netherlands (solo)

1993
Singing Donkeys, New Sculptures by Karel Appel, Paleis Lange Voorhout, The Hague, The Netherlands (solo)

1994
A Retrospective by Karel Appel, The National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul, Korea (solo)

1996
Karel Appel. Gemälde, Gouachen, Zeichnungen 1950-1965, BAWAG Fondation, Vienna, Austria (solo)

1998
Psychopathological Art, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo)

1999
Toys from the Attic, Bergen Museum of Art, Norway (solo)

2000
Recente sculpturen & gedichten, S.M.A.K., Gent, Belgium (solo)
The Will to Power of the Planets Zomeropstelling 2000, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo)

2001
Karel Appel, Pastorale Chiaroscuro, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands (solo)

2002
Japanese Landscapes, Galerie Lelong, Zurich, Switzerland (solo)
Mutation in Motion, , Galerie Ulysses, Vienna, Austria (solo)br>

Karel Appel, Kunstforum Wien, Vienna, Austria (solo)

2003
Karel Appel: oeuvres sur papier 1999-2002, Galerie Lelong, Paris, France (solo)

2004
Karel Appel. New Works on Paper, JG Contemporary, New York, NY (solo)
Karel Appel. The Cobra Years, Galerie Ulysses, Vienna, Austria (solo)

2005
Karel Appel: Opere 1991 – 2002, Galleria Arte 92, Milan, Italy (solo)
Karel Appel Retrospective, Danubiana Meulensteen Art Museum, Bratislava, Slovakia (solo)
Karel Appel. Paintings and Sculptures, Galerie Ulysses, Vienna, Austria (solo)
Karel Appel. Recent works, Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague, The Netherlands (solo) 
Karel Appel. Onderweg. Reis van Rudi Fuchs langs de kunst der Lage Landen, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium (solo)

2006
Karel Appel. Last Paintings, Galerie Ulysses, Vienna, Austria (solo)
Pierre Alechinsky & Karel Appel. Peinture à quatre mains, Galerie Lelong, Zurich, Switzerland

2007
Karel Appel. Monumentale Aktzeichnungen, Albertina, Vienna, Austria (solo) 
Karel Appel. Works on Paper 1949 – 2005, Galerie Ulysses, Vienna, Austria (solo)

2008
Karel Appel: Opere 1990-2002, Galleria Arte 92, Milan, Italy (solo)
Karel Appel. Jazz 1958-1962, Cobra Museum, Amstelveen, The Netherlands (solo)
Modern Prints - Klassische Moderne bis Pop Art, Galerie Proarta, Zurich, Switzerland

2009
Karel Appel. Peintures 2000-2001, Galerie Lelong, Paris, France (solo) 
Karel Appel. The Sixties, Galerie Ulysses, Vienna, Austria (solo)

2010
Painting on the Sea, The Sea as Pretext, Works from the IVAM Collection, Institut Valencià d'Art Modern, Valencia, Spain
Goya and the Modern World, Palazzo Reale, Milan, Italy
Le grand geste! International Painting from Pollock to Schumacher - Art Informel and Abstract Expressionism, Museum Kunst Palast, Düsseldorf, Germany

2011
Karel Appel: The Expression of Color - Flint Institute of Arts, Flint, MI 
Europe at Mid-Century: Dubuffet, Giacometti, Picasso - MFA - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, MA 
Painterly Abstraction, 1949-1969: Selections from the Guggenheim Collections - Museo Guggenheim de Arte Moderno y Contemporáneo, Bilbao 
Focus: Abstraktion - Werke Aus Der Sammlung Essl - ESSL MUSEUM - KUNST DER GEGENWART, Klosterneuburg

2012
Karel Appel – I don’t paint, I hit! - Museum Jorn (former Silkeborg Art Museum), Silkeborg 
Karel Appel - Gallery LL, Amsterdam
The Art of Summer: Contemporary & Modern Works - Jack Rutberg Fine Arts, Los Angeles, CA 
The Biennial of Painting: The Image of Man - MDD - Museum Dhondt-Dhaenens, Deurle 
Cobra - 1000 Days of Free Art - SSM - Sakip Sabanci Müzesi, Istanbul

2013
Modern Print Masters Stock - The Watermill, Aberfeldy, Perthshire (Scotland) 
Chronicles Of Dopobomba - Museo d`Arte Contemporanea Lissone, Lissone 
Artistic Relationships: Partners, Mentors, Lovers - Bechtler Museum of Modern Art, Charlotte, NC 
Appassionata. Die Sammlung Selinka Im Dialog - Kunstmuseum Ravensburg, Ravensburg 
Karel Appel - Robinsons Art Gallery, Knokke-Zoute


PUBLIC COLLECTIONS

Tate Modern, London, UK
Museum Moderner Kunst, Wien, Austria
National Gallery of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland
Kunsthalle Bremen, Bremen, Germany
Museum Ludwig, Köln, Germany
Musée National d’Art Moderne et d’Art Contemporian, Nice, France
Les Abattoires - Centre d’Art Moderne et Contemporain, Toulouse, France
Musée National d’Art Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada
The National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
Museo de Arte Contemporânea da Universidade de São Paolo, São Paolo, Brazil
Mamac - Musée d’Art Moderne et Contemporain, Liege, Belgium
Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden
Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid, Spain
Cobra Museum, Amstelveen, The Netherlands
Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico
Hara Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, Japan
National Museum of Art, Osaka, Japan
Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, Israël
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C.
an Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
Scottish National Galerie of Modern Art, Edinburgh, Scotland
Musée Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, Belgium
S.M.A.K., Gent, Belgium

LITERATURE

2001 Karel Appel, Pastorale Chiaroscuro - Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam, Rotterdam, 2001

1994 Donald Kuspit, Karel Appel Sculpture : A Catalogue raisonné - Harry N. Abrams, New York, 1994

1988 Michel Ragon, Karel Appel : Peinture 1937 – 1957 - Galilée, Paris, 1988